Goddess of spring, fertility and nature. She is also associated with the morning and the birth of everything. She is also considered the opposite of Morana.
Along with her male companion Vesnik, she is associated with springtime rituals. In the nineteenth century, Russian peasants celebrated the return of spring on March 1 by going out to the fields, carrying a clay figure of a lark on a pivot which had been decorated with flowers. They sang songs naming the spring season Vesna. The word “vesna” is still the poetic word for “spring” in the Slovene language, as well as Czech and Slovak. Also, vesna (Russian: весна́) is a Russian word for spring. The month February is sometimes named Vesnar in Slovene language.
In Slovene mythology, the beautiful women called “vesnas” lived in palaces atop mountains where they discussed the fate of crops and of human inhabitants. A magical circle around their palaces kept them from leaving the mountaintop except during the month of February, when they would travel in wooden carts down to the valley below. Only certain people were capable of hearing them singing. People who snuck up to their mountain palaces might learn their fates, but risked an unpleasant end if they were caught by the vesnas.
Vesna is portrayed as always smiling and beautiful and sometimes naked and barefoot or with only a few leaves of fern and some flowers for covering. Her hair is long, almost to her knees and various different flowers are in her hair as decoration. Her breasts are large as expected from the goddess of fertility. Sometimes there’s an apple in her right hand and some grapes in her left hand and sometimes there’s a swallow, the symbol of spring, on her right index finger and a bouquet of flowers in her left hand to symbolize marriage. It was believed that she carried the smell of spring with her wherever she goes and that all spring’s scents are signs of her passing through there.
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